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May 24, 2016

The Dollar Takes EM Down

By Aibek Burabayev, INO.com

Dear readers, I am very grateful to get all your feedback and suggestions that you kindly share with me all the time! One of our regular readers asked about the Emerging market currencies and particularly about Indian rupee in a comment this month. And I am pleased to share my thoughts with all of you in this post.

Chart 1. 5-Year Dynamics of Top FX vs. EM FX


Chart courtesy of tradingview.com

I want to start with the comparison chart of the top currencies presented by inverse dollar index, consisting of 6 currencies: Euro, Japanese Yen, British Pound, Canadian Dollar, Swedish Krona and Swiss Franc (orange line) versus the emerging market currencies presented by WisdomTree Emerging Currency Strategy Fund (CEW, green line). The former is quite representative, it tracks the value of the following 15 currencies: Mexican Peso, Brazilian Real, Chilean Peso, Colombian Peso, South African Rand, Polish Zloty, Russian Ruble, Turkish New Lira, Chinese Yuan, South Korean Won, Indonesian Rupiah, Indian Rupee, Malaysian Ringgit, Philippine Peso and Thai Baht.

As we can see for the past 5 years, the dollar was indisputable both by the top currencies and the emerging currencies. The inverse dollar index hit the -26% at the bottom last March while the CEW was hit even harder with -30% loss at the start of this year.

The top currencies have managed to secure the bottom shaped last year, but the EM currencies couldn’t resist the king currency and dropped one more time to a new low. If the dollar has topped already as was suggested in my first post this month, then we can take the April breakups in both instruments above the October 2015 maximum as harbingers of a forthcoming bullish reversal.

The game has now been between the bottom levels and the last May peaks. Trend reversals are tricky, and we should wait for a better confirmation as to not catch the falling knives.

Chart 2. 5-Year Dynamics of Top Emerging Currencies

Chart courtesy of tradingview.com

On the chart above, I put together the four top EM currencies (by nominal GDP of their countries) to find a winner and a loser. It’s amazing for the past 5 years; emerging currencies showed the same dynamics as their population ranking. Both the Brazilian real and the Russian ruble suffered the most as they lost more than half of their value amid weak commodities. The rupee has lost the third of its value and ranked second with a good margin.

The yuan is the strongest among the pack, it could even hit the dollar at the halfway making some positive gains above +5%, but at the finish, it dropped down to -0.91%. We can call the Chinese currency an alter-ego of the Dollar as it almost didn’t move and it could be used as the alternative shelter to the dollar as even gold lost almost 20% over the past 5 years (up to date). Of course, the magic of the flat dynamics of CNY is a fruit of manual management of the Chinese central bank.

Chart 3. Gold vs. Indian Rupee Monthly

Chart courtesy of tradingview.com

A soft rupee facilitated the major moves to the upside for gold. We all know that gold topped against the US dollar in 2011, but weak a rupee let the gold make a new high in 2013 at Rs 99234 vs. Rs 98520 in 2011. In the rest, the chart looks similar to the main gold/$ chart with softer downsides and sharper upsides due to losing rupee. Gold bottomed only a half year ago, and if EM currencies including rupee start to rebound against the dollar then we can face decelerating progress of gold in EM markets.

The gold/INR advanced above the red resistance line in February and was nimble to break all the previous highs preceding the major top. This is a very strong bullish signal as the market couldn’t even break above the previous high against the dollar.

Now the market stalled in consolidation (black rectangle), the range is Rs 80k-87k. The break upside is favored and it could take the price much higher, even above the 2013 top to the Rs 105k area. The drop below the rectangle should be considered as the pullback to former resistance.

Courtesy of Aibek Burabayev via INO.com

The views and opinions expressed herein are the author's own, and do not necessarily reflect those of EconMatters.

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